MTT Kasvu 17 (2011).
Kehitystä rehuviljan viljelyyn Keski- ja Pohjois-Pohjanmaalla . Saarinen, Essi (toim.); 55 s.
Keywords: feed grain, varieties, sowing seed, growth regulators, plant disease control, winter turnip rape, tillage methods, machinery costs, grain drying, grain trading,
The central aim of feed grain production in Central and Northern Ostrobothnia is to produce good quality feed grain to meet the quality requirements of the grain industry or the domestic use of grain. In order to ensure good quality it is important to use proper farming techniques. During Feed Grain Development Project we have produced information for the farmers in Central and Northern Ostrobothnia based on experimentation and existing research data.
Cereal varieties suitable for Central and Northern Ostrobothnia have been examined by combining MTT’s official variety trials for oats and barley in the years 2003-2010. In addition, wheat was trialed in the region. Trials showed good results although there are risks associated in wheat farming in the region.
The importance of seed quality is also illustrated in this guide. Sorting and dressing of the seed has been proven worthwhile. These seed prosessing actions have affected positively to sprouting density and to the yield. However, it is noteworthy, that regardless the prosessing actions, the certified seed managed the best.
The use of growth regulators has decreased the flattening of the crop, but the effect of different substances to the yield did not recur annually. Also the importance of plant disease management varied yearly and therefore plant protection actions should be based on annual evaluation of the crop and growing conditions.
Protein plants create possibilities to crop rotation. Turnip rape sown in the autumn wintered well with its strong roots. Winter turnip rape gave good results in Central Ostrobothnia and its yield was equivalent to turnip rape sown in the spring.
When aiming at cost effect cultivation, the cost of machinery should be calculated. Equipment should be evaluated based on requirements of the farm. Contracting and co-op machinery can reduce cultivation costs significantly.
Ceasing of ploughing saves both working hours and energy costs. Reduced tillage methods have yielded good results, but at the same time careful plant protection is needed.
Grain producer wants proper compensation for quality grain. In Finland, the price of grain is determined by a few large traders engaged in the grain trade. In the grain trade between farms, grain quality and freight cost sharing need to be considered. When grain trading between farms, it is also possible to sell moist grain. Costs for dried grain are twice as high as those of freshly preserved grain. Thus if possible, it is important to avoid unnecessary drying. As oil prices rise, it is considerable to build a dry kiln that uses fuel produced from domestic resources.
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Source: MTT's Publications' database Mttsarjat